In a previous article, I wrote about the importance of working with a certified financial planner as you plan for your retirement.
If you are sitting at home and concerned about your retirement, you can do a simple calculation to determine your retirement needs. This is by no means an accurate way of determining your needs, but it will give you a good rule of thumb of what you are aiming for at retirement.
The 4% rule
The 4% rule states that you can safely draw 4% from your investment without worrying about running out of money.
The figure of 4% comes from an in-depth analysis of retirement funds over a span of 70 years starting in 1925 and it seems to remain a good analysis even in the tumultuous financial markets of today.
To apply the 4% rule, you should take your estimated retirement fund and calculate 4% of that fund (simply multiply it by 0.04). Once you have this number, you know how much you can safely withdraw from your fund not to reach the point of ruin (as I discussed in a previous article).
You can take the 4% rule one step further by dividing the amount that you get after calculating 4% of your investment by 12. This will give you a monthly number that you can safely withdraw every month.
The 4% rule is a very tangible way to see if you have saved enough money to retire comfortably. By calculating a monthly amount, you can compare it with your current earnings, and your current and future ideal living standards when you retire.
The Rule of 300
The rule of 300 will give you a similar idea of your ideal retirement savings, but this is calculated from a different angle.
You start by looking at your current monthly expenses, not earnings. Take that number and multiply it by 300 to reach a figure. In this case, the figure will be the total amount you need to save to retire comfortably.
As an example, if your monthly expenses total up to R45 000, you will need R13 500 000 (R45 000 x 300) saved in a retirement fund to retire at your current living standards. This might seem like a very scary number, so you can tweak it by trying to imagine what your monthly expenses at retirement will be.
It is safe to consider that you will not have the same exact expenses at retirement as you currently have. Your children will have left the house (hopefully!), you may not have monthly car or house payments to make and you will probably save on your monthly travel budget unless of course you want to travel during retirement. Be prudent when you do your retirement budget, but don’t forget to add a bit of leisure and travel in, since you will finally have the time to enjoy it.
Lastly, it is important to remind you that this is a simple calculation. Market fluctuations, changes in retirement policy, political unrest and even better-than-expected growth from a solid financial investment plan is not factored in.
So, after you have made your sum and worked out your ‘number’, bring it with you to your meeting with a certified financial planner and let us help you reach that goal.