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5 things you need to know today

Inflation reality check due, commodities on a tear and Merkel makes progress toward a fourth term.

Here are some of the things people in markets are talking about today.

Price projection

US may confirm the lowflation-spurred rally boasts strong foundations. Headline inflation growth is expected to have eased to an annual pace of 2.1 percent, with the core rate staying steady at 1.7 percent. The release comes after wholesale prices incurred their first drop in more than a year in December, down 0.1 percent on the month. Still, outgoing New York Federal Reserve President William Dudley said expansionary fiscal policy and loose financial conditions raise the risk of economic overheating, dubbing three interest-rate increases in 2018 as a good projection.

Brent bulls

Oil traded near a 2 ½ year high of $70 a barrel in London, driven by production cuts, rising demand and falling US inventories. The rally is adding fresh legs to the melt-up in US stocks, which rose to new records at the close. The US energy industry is expected to post earnings-per-share growth for the fourth quarter at a whopping 126 percent, according to Bloomberg Intelligence. Underscoring the health of global aggregate demand late in the business cycle: China continues to devour the world’s commodity output from crude oil to soybeans while export growth is on a tear.

Merkel progress

Chancellor Angela Merkel reached a preliminary accord with Germany’s Social Democrats to clinch a coalition government, advancing her bid to end political gridlock and open the door to her fourth term. The deal includes efforts to strengthen the European Union and control the flow of refugees. That news sent the euro to a three-year high, adding to gains after a shift in European Central Bank messaging was dubbed hawkish.

Equities mixed

Overnight, the MSCI Asia Pacific Index gained 0.3%, while Japan’s Topix index closed 0.6% lower. In Europe, the Stoxx 600 Index rose 0.2%  at 5:55 am Eastern Time following news the ECB is taking note of a strengthening economy and is mulling policy guidance. S&P 500 futures added 0.2%, the yield on the 10-year Treasury was at 2.546%, and gold was higher.

Crypto chills

Bitcoin bulls are learning that with great price appreciation comes great attention from regulators. The biggest cryptocurrency is down roughly 20% this week as authorities around the world show they’re prepared for active intervention in how digital currencies are produced and traded. South Korea’s justice minister has been calling for a ban on local crypto exchanges, while Chinese officials have ordered some mining facilities to close. Beijing’s move has Chinese-listed companies with loose ties to bitcoin downplaying their connection to cryptocurrencies and blockchain technology for fear of running afoul of the authorities. In Moscow, meanwhile, the divide over digital currencies runs deep. Officials are using “the power of words and thoughts” to push Bank of Russia Governor Elvira Nabiullina to green-light trading of cryptocurrencies on official exchanges — a tricky task as she’s previously called them “pyramid schemes.”

© 2018 Bloomberg L.P

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