Global law firm Baker McKenzie’s latest Cross Border IPO Index shows that there were no cross-border Initial Public Offerings (IPOs) from African companies in the first six months of 2017, the first time in five years this has happened.
The index also shows that five companies in Africa have raised a total of $512 million so far in 2017 from domestic listings, up from the eight companies that raised $492 million in H1 2016, but down from the %96 million raised from seven domestic deals in H1 2015. Three of five the companies that went public in H1 2017 are South African, while the remaining two are Egyptian and Tanzanian.
The fact that there were no cross-border IPOs in Africa in H1 2017 clearly shows that political and economic instability in Africa has affected the volume of cross-border IPOs on the continent. Businesses simply do not carry out IPOs if they are unsure of the investment environment.
In 2016 there was one cross-border IPO in Africa valued at $130 million, and in 2015 there were four IPOs, which raised a total of $825 million.
The largest deal in H1 2017 was Vodacom Tanzania, which raised $213 million. This was the first Tanzanian company to go public over the last five years. This IPO comes after the government amended the Electronic and Postal Communications Act (Epoca), stating that investors are allowed to take part in IPOs for telecommunication companies.
The IPO in Tanzania points to a future trend in the East African region, which is looking interesting in terms of the possibility of future IPOs. Kenya is currently going through an election, but we hope to see increased activity in the East African region once they have worked through this period of political uncertainty.
The largest IPO from a South African company was from Sea Harvest Holdings, a deep-sea fishing, fresh and frozen fish and processing and marketing of fish products, raising $149 million. The company had delisted from the Johannesburg Stock Exchange 17 years ago. Sea Harvest is the second fishing company listing on the JSE in recent weeks. A few weeks before its listing, Premier Fishing made its debut on the same exchange to raise $41 million. The other South African IPO was private equity fund Long4Life’s listing on the JSE in April.
These three domestic listings raised a total of $250 million. This is the highest amount of capital raising by South African companies recorded during the first half of any year since 2012.
The two IPOs in South Africa’s fishing sector point to a readjustment and consolidation in the sector after recent woes. Further, the Long4Life IPO shows that there is private equity money available for investment in Africa. If a fund can identify sufficient assets to invest in, then an IPO is a good way for them to raise capital. We haven’t seen a lot of these kinds of IPOs in Africa recently, possibly because the funds have been struggling to find assets to invest in.
Historically, South African companies are not actively listing outside their jurisdiction. The last time a South African company listed in a stock exchange outside of the country (cross-border listings) was in H2 2013, when MiX Telematics went public on the New York Stock Exchange and raised $116 million.
Globally, IPO activity rebounded in H1 2017 compared to the same period last year as economic fundamentals in major developed markets such as the EU and US stabilised and some political uncertainties settled.
The value of issuance rose by 76% to $ 89 billion and volume increased to 728 deals, up 53% from the first half of last year. As Baker McKenzie predicted last June, domestic deals outpaced cross-border IPOs in H1 this year, rising 93% in value compared to a 41% increase in cross-border deal values. The greater popularity of domestic issuance was largely driven by the comfort of home markets and the protection against currency volatility provided by listing in companies’ functional currencies.
That said, deal making has not quite returned to the levels of 2015 – total capital raised being 24% lower in the first half of 2017.
Average deal size globally (domestic and cross-border combined), has increased by 15% to $122 million. However, the first half of 2016 marked the lowest average deal size in more than six years at just shy of $100 million, so the increase is off a low base.
Although political uncertainty remains a key concern for potential issuers, the absence of blockbuster votes of the magnitude of the Brexit referendum and the US elections have made the timing of IPOs in 2017 much easier than in 2016. Meanwhile, business imperatives are driving companies to proceed with listing plans for deals that they have.
There is a correlation between global IPO predictions and African IPOs, and so the current global recovery is expected to influence a recovery in Africa as well. However, Africa tends to lag behind the rest of the world so it might be some time before we an improvement the volume and value of IPOs on the continent.
Wildu du Plessis is head of Africa and partner in the Banking and Finance Practice at Baker McKenzie in Johannesburg.