UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson declared the end of the pandemic is “in sight” for England, as he set out his aim to ease lockdown rules in a series of stages over the next four months.
Johnson detailed a four-step plan that will reopen schools from March 8, outdoor hospitality from mid-April and sports stadiums by mid-May. From June 21 all remaining businesses, such as nightclubs, will resume operations and rules on social contact will be scrapped.
The premier warned that his blueprint for a return to normality depends on keeping the virus under control.
Even under optimistic scenarios, government advisers expect 30 000 more deaths will follow the easing of lockdown. But if infection rates surge dramatically again, restrictions will have to stay, Johnson said.
“This road map should be cautious but also irreversible,” the prime minister told members of Parliament in London. “The end really is in sight and a wretched year will give way to a spring and a summer that will be very different and incomparably better than the picture we see around us today.”
While UK leisure and travel stocks jumped as Johnson revealed his timeline, he is already facing pressure to move faster after the economy endured its deepest recession in more than 300 years. Chancellor of the Exchequer Rishi Sunak will announce more support for pandemic-hit businesses in his budget next week.
England has been under lockdown since early January, and even under Johnson’s plan, government guidance asking people to work from home where possible will remain in place at least until June 21, when social distancing measures will be reviewed.
Key Dates in Johnson’s lockdown exit plan
From March 8
Schools and colleges open for all students, including wraparound care. Older students will wear face coverings in class
Outdoors meetings allowed with a person from another household
From March 29
- Outdoor gatherings of either six people or two households
- Organised outdoor sport allowed
From April 12
- All retail open, plus personal care, libraries and community centres
- Most outdoor attractions including zoos open
- Gyms and swimming pools open, plus indoor parent and child groups
- Outdoor hospitality open, plus self-catered accommodation
From May 17
- Indoor hospitality open, plus indoor entertainment such as cinemas
- International travel may restart pending review
- Maximum 30 people can gather outdoors
- Organised indoor sport, hotels can reopen
- Indoor events with as many 1 000 spectators or 50% capacity
- Outdoor seated events with 10 000 spectators or 25% capacity
From June 21 Remaining businesses including nightclubs open; work from home guidance to be reviewed.
Each move will be taken uniformly across England, with authorities in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland making their own plans.
The government said there must be a five-week gap between the key stages in the plan to allow officials to evaluate the impact of relaxing the rules on the spread of the virus before moving on to the next step. Further easing will depend on the vaccine program working, hospitals remaining safe from a surge in cases, and new strains not threatening to increase the risks.
What Bloomberg Economics says…
“Delivering the plan will depend on the continued success of the vaccine roll out program and its effectiveness in reducing hospitalisations and deaths. If that happens, it will create upside risk to our already above consensus call for 2Q GDP growth.” — Dan Hanson, senior UK economist.
There will be a review of social distancing measures such as face coverings, and a task force will be set up to explore how to enable more international travel while managing the risk of new variants entering the country. Johnson also announced a review into whether proof of vaccines could be used to give people access to venues or workplaces domestically, having acknowledged that such documentation would likely be necessary for travel to certain countries.
“There may well be a role for certification. We just need to get it right,” he said at a press conference on Monday. “There are clearly some quite complex issues, some ethical issues about discrimination and to what extent government can either compel or forbid use of such certification.”
With cases and deaths now falling rapidly, an influential group of Conservative backbenchers wants to see all restrictions lifted by the end of April.
Johnson’s predecessor Theresa May welcomed the return of pupils to schools but urged him to move faster to open up the aviation industry. Former Conservative leader Iain Duncan Smith also urged Johnson to reopen the hospitality sector more quickly.
Falling case numbers and a significant acceleration of the UK’s vaccination program have fuelled calls to lift the curbs. All adults are due to be offered a vaccine shot by the end of July and everyone over 50 by mid-April. More than 17.7 million people have had a vaccine so far.
Still, Johnson’s top medical and scientific advisers used a televised press conference to warn the public that the fight against the virus will outlast the government’s lockdown exit plan. Chief Scientific Officer Patrick Vallance said it may be necessary to wear face masks next winter, while Chief Medical Officer Chris Whitty said coronavirus will be a risk to vulnerable members of the population for the foreseeable future.
“We cannot persist indefinitely with restrictions that debilitate our economy, our physical and mental well-being, and the life-chances of our children,” Johnson said. “We are setting out on what I hope and believe is a one-way road to freedom.”
© 2021 Bloomberg