In Namibia, which has Africa’s fastest-growing Covid-19 epidemic, vaccines are running out, hospitals and mortuaries are overwhelmed and the blame game has begun.
First-time inoculations have been stopped as there are only enough doses to complete courses, and the government is being criticised by politicians and its own medical experts.
“Systems in the hospitals are under severe pressure, including staff who are overworked and not performing at their best,” said Gordon Cupido, head of internal medicine at the Katutura State Hospital in the capital, Windhoek. “The human cost is tremendous, often patients are dying unnoticed.”
Namibia is one of a swathe of African nations in the grips of a third wave of coronavirus infections that’s overwhelming the least-vaccinated continent. While the US and UK have fully inoculated at least 45% of their populations, that figure is just 1.1% for Africa.
In Namibia, 0.8% of the population is fully vaccinated, according to the Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention.
In the week to June 24, the southwest African nation with a population of about 2.5 million had an infection rate of 3 404 cases per million people, the fifth-highest rate in the world, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. Mongolia is currently the worst-infected nation.
Mortuaries across the country are overwhelmed with the increasing number of Covid-19 deaths, putting “even more pressure on the situation,” Health Minister Kalumbi Shangula said in an interview.
The surge in cases comes after months of limited infections, prompting criticism that the government opened up the economy to activities, such as tourism, too quickly.
“The virus gave us enough space and time to prepare our response effectively, but we did not do enough to control it,” according to former Health Minister Bernard Haufiku. “We had no community transmissions nearly for a period of five months.”
Doctors, including Cupido, are calling for a national shutdown as oxygen and personal-protective equipment supplies run low.
“The government has a big task because if there were any new measures instituted, the effect will only come in three to four weeks, which is time we do not have,” he said. “We never anticipated such a bad situation, mistakes were made.”
Neighbouring South Africa on Monday reimposed a ban on alcohol sales and gatherings and closed schools. Namibia’s inaction added to the severity of the current wave of infections, Haufiku said.
There is little hope of relief from the vaccinations that have slowed infection rates in developed countries such as Israel and the US.
On June 26, the health ministry said that due to a delay in arrival of doses, no new initial vaccinations would be given and only those who have already had one dose would be eligible. With few shots arriving from Covax, the vaccine sharing initiative, Namibia has turned to Chinese and Russian manufacturers.
Before this weekend’s announcement, many Namibians were already being turned away from inoculation centers as demand for the shots surged with the worsening wave of infections.
“I was given a number and told to come back a couple of days later,” said Jacob Amagulu, a 34-year-old marketing manager in Windhoek, the capital. “It is unfortunate because some would have struggled to get transport money to go and get vaccinated and if they are turned away they do not go back.”
The positivity rate for those being tested has surged to 34%, while the number of deaths from Covid-19 has increased to an average of 83 a week in June from 16 in December.
While officially just less than 85 000 Namibians have contracted Covid-19 and 1 400 have died, Shangula said on Monday many people are dying at home as they resort to unproven remedies and shun hospitals.
“These are hard lessons for us as we are now losing lives because of things such as lack of beds and oxygen supply in many isolation units,” ex-minister Haufiku said. “We did things half heartedly, hence the current calamity.”