Eskom has work to do to plug its funding gap

The utility is relying heavily on new sources of funding.
Eskom CEO Johnny Dladla. Picture: Moneyweb

The state utility reported results on Wednesday that revealed the company increased revenue at a time when local electricity sales continued to fall and amid rumours that the it was three months away from running out of money.

Revenue increased by 8% to R177 billion on the back of higher electricity prices, but sales in its primary market (South Africa) fell by 1% to 199 000 Gigawatt hours. Overall, Eskom’s sales volumes declined by 0.2%. Eskom now sells less electricity than it did in 2007, the year load-shedding began.

Eskom then and now

Salient metrics: ten years



Change (%)

Total sales (GWh)




Nominal capacity (MW)




Revenue (R’bn)




Net debt (R’bn)




Total assets (R’bn)




Net finance cost (R’bn)




Profit for the year (R’bn)








Source: Eskom


Eskom generated earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortisation (Ebitda) of R38 billion, an increase of 14%. But the increase in its cost of funding was eye popping; the net finance cost rose by 82% to R14 billion, which meant that after depreciation was accounted for, the group made net profit for the year of R888 million (an 83% decline).

From a cash flow perspective things looked better – the company generated R45 billion from operating activities, but the scale and pace of its capital build meant that its cash position decreased by R8 billion to R20 billion by the end of March, meaning the company is a net borrower, and will be for the foreseeable future.

Read: Eskom on firm operational, financial footing

Questions over Eskom’s ability to meet its appetite for cash have been hampered by its governance issues, which have sent local bond investors fleeing for the hills. Eskom has not conducted a bond auction domestically since 2014, instead being pushed into using funding from development finance institutions and export credit agencies. Both of these sources are less transparent than bond auctions as they are agreements conducted bilaterally without any of the terms or pricing being publicly revealed. 

Eskom stated that 53% of the R78 billion it needs to raise for the current financial year to end March 2018 has been secured. No funding from the Public Investment Corporation (PIC) via a private placement has been budgeted for, a story on its own (see “domestic bond private placement” with the purple arrow in graphic below). It seems that the country’s biggest pool of capital has now deemed Eskom off limits. (Attempts to reach the PIC at the time of publication were not successful).

Read: Government employees are propping up Eskom

For the balance of the R32 billion Eskom needs for this year, it aims to tap R24 billion from sources it didn’t use last year, and an additional R6.3 billion from domestic bonds (red arrows).

Eskom’s sources of funding for 2018 financial year


Source: Eskom. DFI = Development Finance Institution. ECA = Export credit agency

Eskom is going to have to do a lot of convincing if it wants the R8 billion from domestic bonds. Transnet – another errant child in the portfolio of state-owned companies – has not returned to the bond market since its poor showing in June, where it raised a fraction of the R200 million it required. “The recent actions by minister [Lynne] Brown and the board to take action against Koko and Molefe are encouraging, but they are by no means enough to restore confidence in the utility,” said a bond manager familiar with discussions and who did not want to be identified due to the sensitive nature of the relationship. “They need to get their act together. The onus is now on them to show the market they are serious about getting this company to run properly.”

International bond investors – earmarked for R7 billion by the utility – are even more cautious. Due to Eskom’s junk status, the institutions that would have borrowed money will be replaced by more “high yield” specialists, and that means the utility is going to have to invest time in cultivating new relationships with portfolio managers and firms that specialise in these types of investments. And finally, Eskom wants R17 billion from new relationships with development finance institutions and export credit agencies.

At the very least, we can assume the utility’s cost of finance is going to rise given the ongoing risks, assuming it gets all the funding it requires. But what if it doesn’t? Over to you, oh mighty taxpayer.


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Best to invest in solar plus batteries. As more and more people do that the cost to those still with Eskom will rise until more people leave the grid, then it will be more expensive for those who pay Eskom and so on.
Beat the rush.

i like this idea- thinking of it myself. they are embracing solar in zim in a big way.
in africa one needs to be self sufficient because african politicians are useless and selfserving
nigeria is a leading oil producer but needs to import petrol and diesel- what a joke.

eskom is like a funnel with a huge opening and a pinprick exit- a lot goes in but only a little comes out
useless people.

Only reason ESKOM revenue increase is the result that they is under the microscope for corruption and theft, and everyone is keeping his hand from the cookie jar. 14% increase just show a 14% drop in theft.

So Eskom is selling about the same GWh’s as ten years ago for 4 times as much, producing an 81% decline in profitability and +1000% increase in debt. Cracker business! Investors must be lining up to plug the funding gap – not.

and they still can’t make a buck….

Amazing that this worthless company is still in business. Thanks to the technical professionals who do great work keeping the lights on. The losers at the top are only there to loot.

And the worst is:

2007 2017 Change

Employees 32,674 47,658 46%

How much is the salary bill?

Cut back on heads would be a good start to get back on track.

Privatise Eskom. Replace all incompetent and corrupt managers (potentially replace the whole board). Run it as a real business. Stop corruption. Pay bonuses only if it makes a profit (that is decent). Prosecute all politicians that has and had their hands in the honey jar. If this is done, private investors may flow in.

Prosecute all politicians that has and had their hands in the honey jar – don’t think their is enough jail space for that exercise, but they need not to worry, our NPA investigators just as incompetent, and in the pocket, just ask Dudu-zuma, on “how to get away with murder”

With the tariff increases from 2008 to 2017, the value of R100 of electricity usage has increased to R450. Total sales as provided in the above mentioned tables shows a change of sales to -2% for the same period. Can someone explain as to what is happening??? More people are not paying their dues!!!! The paying client is subsidizing to non payer. For how long can this situation continue?

Growth in number of employees is a HUGE problem. They need to cut their workforce back to 2007 levels

End of comments.



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