After coming out all guns blazing, Nigeria’s central bank surrendered some ground in its tussle with MTN Group, pledging that a dispute over the repatriation of $8.1 billion in dividends from the country will soon be resolved.
Examiners from the central bank are reviewing documents provided by Johannesburg-based MTN and four banks accused of moving money out of the continent’s biggest oil producer without the regulator’s final authorisation, Governor Godwin Emefiele told reporters on Tuesday in the capital, Abuja. He also clarified that the regulator had initially wanted MTN to reverse the flows and that there was no liability on behalf of the lenders.
“We’ll resolve the matter,” Emefiele said. “Everyone will be happy” from MTN and the lenders to the Central Bank of Nigeria and the government, he added.
Nigerian authorities are changing their tone after coming under criticism that the impasse with MTN and lenders including Citigroup, Standard Chartered, Standard Bank Group and Lagos-based Diamond Bank threatened to spook investors. The regulator had initially demanded MTN and the banks refund the money, spurring the biggest collapse in MTN’s stock in 20 years.
“The erratic nature of the CBN — and perhaps even the manner in which its position has been articulated in the MTN saga — will at the minimum highlight concerns regarding the business environment in Nigeria,” said Ryan Cummings, a director at Signal Risk, which advises companies in Africa. “And, at worst, illustrate that the country is a jurisdiction where state involvement could occur with detrimental consequences should their be political capital to derive from it.”
MTN’s shares rose 2.6% by the close in Johannesburg, gaining for a fifth straight day after the company last week announced it provided extra information that may lead to an “equitable resolution.” That pared losses to 23% since August 29, the day before the central bank demanded the company return the money.
Earlier on Tuesday, Standard Bank said the central bank won’t take at least $2.63 billion from the accounts of its local unit because of its role in repatriating the dividends on behalf of the continent’s largest wireless carrier. The central bank will examine its submissions and possibly review an earlier penalty, the Johannesburg-based lender said in a statement.
Standard Bank’s Stanbic IBTC, Standard Chartered, Citigroup and Diamond Bank were fined about $16 million between them for repatriating the dividends. The central bank had already taken the fines by debiting the accounts of some of the lenders, including Stanbic IBTC and Diamond Bank. Emefiele said the regulator had originally sought documents detailing the transactions in May and extended this by another two months before making the announcement.
“The Central Bank of Nigeria’s decision to review new submissions is a positive,” said Olamipo Ogunsanya, a banking analyst at Renaissance Capital. “If Stanbic can prove it followed all due procedures, it will no longer be subject to the fine.”
Representatives in Lagos for MTN and Citigroup declined to comment, while a spokeswoman for Diamond Bank said she was unable to provide a response. A spokesman for Standard Chartered didn’t answer a phone call or immediately respond to a text message.
The accusations against MTN — including allegations by the attorney general’s office that it owes $2 billion of back taxes — come as President Muhammadu Buhari’s administration faces criticism of its economic management in the run-up to the elections and several ruling-party lawmakers have defected to the opposition. Nigeria was battered by the 2014 slump in crude prices and its economy is still struggling.
Two years ago, MTN negotiated a $5.2 billion fine down to about $1 billion plus a commitment to list its local business in Lagos. That penalty was related to subscribers that weren’t properly registered in the country.
“It’s a shoot-first-and-think-later scenario,” Kayode Omosebi, an analyst at Lagos-based Asset & Resource Management, said on the central bank’s handling of the MTN matter. The CBN should “take their time and do some analysis before coming out to the market” but at least investors now “know that things may not be as bad as the CBN put it initially.”
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