EU bans most Russian oil; Zelenskiy calls Donbas situation ‘extremely difficult’

EU leaders also agreed to cut off the largest Russian bank, Sberbank, from the SWIFT system and to ban three more Russian state-owned broadcasters, Michel added.

European Union leaders agreed on Monday to ban most imports of Russian oil to the 27-nation bloc as Ukrainian and Russian forces battled on the outskirts of Sievierodonetsk, the last city still held by Kyiv in Ukraine’s strategic Luhansk province.

In the bloc’s toughest sanction on Moscow since the invasion of Ukraine three months ago, European Council President Charles Michel said the ban agreed at an EU summit in Brussels would immediately cover more than two-thirds of oil imports from Russia and cut a “huge source of financing for its war machine.”

The leaders said they had agreed to cut 90% of oil imports from Russia by the end of this year, with exemptions for Hungary – a landlocked country that relies heavily on crude piped from Russia – and others concerned about the ban’s economic impact.

EU leaders also agreed to cut off the largest Russian bank, Sberbank, from the SWIFT system and to ban three more Russian state-owned broadcasters, Michel added.

The announcement came as Russia pressed its attacks in Ukraine’s eastern Donbas region, where Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskiy said the situation remained “extremely difficult”.

Russia has been seeking to seize the entire Donbas, consisting of Luhansk and Donetsk which Moscow claims on behalf of separatist proxies.

Capturing the twin cities of Sievierodonetsk and Lysychansk on the banks of the Siverskyi Donets river would give Moscow effective control of Luhansk and allow the Kremlin to declare some form of victory after more than three months of war.

But by focusing on a battle for the single small city, Russia could leave other territory open to Ukrainian counterstrikes.

Kyiv said its forces had pushed back Russian troops to defensive positions in Andriyivka, Lozove and Bilohorka, villages on the south bank of the Inhulets River that forms the border of Kherson province, where Moscow is trying to consolidate control.

Ukraine has called for the West to send more long-range weapons but US President Joe Biden said Washington would not send Ukraine rocket systems that can reach into Russia, a decision Russian Security Council Deputy Chairman Dmitry Medvedev called “rational.”

Russian shelling

Zelenskiy said Russian forces shelled the northeastern city of Kharkiv again on Monday, as well as the border region of Sumy, which was hit from inside Russia.

Russian shelling has reduced much of Sievierodonetsk to ruins, but the Ukrainian defence has slowed the wider Russian campaign across the Donbas region.

Luhansk governor Serhiy Gaidai said Russian troops had advanced into Sievierodonetsk’s southeastern and northeastern fringes, but Ukrainian forces had driven them from the village of Toshkivka to the south, which could frustrate a push to encircle the area.

“They use the same tactics over and over again. They shell for several hours – for three, four, five hours – in a row and then attack,” he said. “Those who attack die. Then shelling and attack follow again, and so on until they break through somewhere.”

With temperatures rising, there was a “terrible smell of death” on the outskirts of Sievierodonetsk, Gaidai said.

The leader of the Moscow-backed Luhansk People’s Republic, Leonid Pasechnik, told Tass news agency a third of Sievierodonetsk was “already under our control”.

A French journalist, Frederic Leclerc-Imhoff of television channel BFM, was killed near Sievierodonetsk on Monday when shelling hit the vehicle he was travelling in during an evacuation of civilians. French Foreign Minister Catherine Colonna, who was visiting Ukraine, demanded an investigation.

Russian President Vladimir Putin, in talks with Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan, said Russia was ready to facilitate unhindered grain exports from Ukrainian ports in coordination with Turkey, according to the Kremlin.

Western leaders have chided Russia for blockading Ukrainian ports, sending prices of grain and other commodities soaring. The United Nations has said a global food crisis is deepening and has been trying to broker a deal to unblock Ukraine’s grain exports.

“Emphasis was placed on ensuring safe navigation in the Black and Azov seas and eliminating the mine threat in their waters,” the Kremlin said of Putin’s call with Erdogan.

Putin said if sanctions were lifted, Russia could export significant volumes of fertilisers and agricultural products.

Zelenskiy also spoke with Erdogan and said they discussed food security and defence cooperation, “and, of course, how to accelerate the end of this war.”

Temporary pipeline exemption

Efforts to agree an EU oil embargo has been blocked by Hungary’s refusal to agree to a ban on Russian imports it receives through the huge Soviet-era “Friendship” pipeline that runs across Ukraine.

Michel told a news conference there was a “temporary exception for the oil that comes through pipeline to the EU,” but added: “We want to revert to the European Council as soon as possible in order to address this temporary exception and to make sure that we will be able to target all the Russian oil.”

In the Netherlands, GasTerra, which buys and trades gas on behalf of the Dutch government, said it would no longer receive gas from Russia’s Gazprom from Tuesday.

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China now buying oil from Russia at less than $80/barrel. In the game of musical chairs, the West can have all the inflation.

Let’s do a simple experiment to sample the opinion of readers. If you believe that Putin ultimately caused the war in Ukraine, give a downvote.

If you believe that the USA is ultimately behind the war in Ukraine, give an upvote.

The purpose of the experiment is to measure the power of major western media companies to spread their political narrative among intelligent South Africans. It also measures the level of susceptibility to manipulated facts, as well as the cognitive bias of readers.

The results will be very interesting.

“The purpose of the experiment is to measure the power of major western media companies to spread their political narrative among intelligent South Africans.”

So the reportage that I read in the Financial Times, DW, the Guardian, The Sydney Morning Herald, the New York Times and the BBC is all slanted? “Manipulated facts?” Didn’t Donald Trump say that?

I voted up and down. You should know that you can’t trust statistics.

Sensei you have to deduct one from the downvotes for the guy who works at Eskom.

excellent comment! you made my day!

I thank readers for kindly participating in this poll. Your contribution is much appreciated. This precious insight from Professor John Mearsheimer, the world leader in political science, is your reward for participating in the poll.

John Joseph Mearsheimer is an American political scientist and international relations scholar, who belongs to the realist school of thought.

By the way, at this stage, as expected, the nonrealists outnumber realists by 19 to 10.

Sensei: find me where Maersheimer says Putin is right to have attacked Ukraine? He explains why – huge difference from justifying the war. Basically Putin felt threatened by encroachment of democracy, free markets, free press, freedom of speech and the rule of law. He tolerates none of these, being both a committed communist and one of the richest people in the world.

Realist? You are really not understanding what he says. Watch a few more of his Chicago speeches including where he says Ukraine should have kept their nuclear weapons to deter exactly what has now happened.

Sorry sensei but invading your (smaller) neighbour is, in my book, seldom justified. Ditto for the US invading Afghanistan, Iraq etc although kicking Iraq out of Kuwait seemed to be needed. Someone had to actually light the match and cross into the Ukraine and that was Putin.

But, and right now, we are all paying for the invasion. Was it Churchill who said “jaw, jaw is better than war, war”? We are finding this out the hard way. I am surprised you have gone for war, war.

End of comments.

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