Would the value of a living annuity be included in the calculation of executors’ fees in winding up an estate? If so, how would this be calculated? (Not a guaranteed annuity).
A feature of a living annuity is the ability to nominate beneficiaries, safeguarding the remaining capital for your heirs. The nominated beneficiary or beneficiaries need not be financially dependent on yourself in order to qualify. For the purposes of answering this question, we have assumed that the nominated beneficiary is a natural person. In the event of your death, the funds in your living annuity will go directly to your nominated beneficiary and will not form part of your deceased estate. As such, your living annuity funds will not attract estate duty or capital gains tax, and will not be subject to executors’ fees. This is because living annuities are member-owned funds and are therefore not regulated by Section 37C of the Pension Funds Act.
The beneficiary of a living annuity must decide how they would like to take the proceeds of the investment. They can elect to take the full value as a lump sum amount, although this will be subject to tax on the retirement withdrawal table. They can also choose to transfer the proceeds to another living annuity in their name. Finally, they may choose to take a combination of a lump-sum withdrawal and a compulsory annuity. Keep in mind that any tax liability initiated from the cash withdrawal is taxed in the hands of the deceased estate as per the retirement tax table. This means any cash lump sum portion the deceased received from their retirement funds in their lifetime will be included in this calculation. As such, any cash withdrawals they elect to make are subject to the following retirement tax table:
|Taxable income (R)||Rate of tax (R)|
|1 – 500 000||0% of taxable income|
|500 001 – 700 000||18% of taxable income above 500 000|
|700 001 – 1 050 000||36 000 + 27% of taxable income above 700 000|
|1 050 001 and above||130 500 + 36% of taxable income above 1 050 000|
Where the nominated beneficiary is not a natural person, for instance, a trust, the lump sum amount will be paid to the trust. This cash lump will be subject to tax as per the above tax table in the deceased estate.
The only instance where executors’ fees may be charged is where no beneficiary is nominated to the living annuity. In such an instance, the proceeds of the annuity will be paid into the deceased’s estate and, while no estate duty will be charged, the executor reserves the right to charge a fee on the capital value of the funds as they will form part of the winding-up process.
The capital value paid into your estate is simply the market value of your investment less any fees and charges. Also bear in mind that the proceeds and income from a living annuity do not fall within the definition of ‘pension interest’ as defined by the Divorce Act, and therefore no claim can be brought against the capital value of a living annuity in the event of divorce or death.